NSO : Legitimate Children

Bonjour. Mabuhay.

I’m posting this information on legitimate children which is part of the frequently asked questions when it comes to NSO birth certificates. Hope this helps you in some way.

Next post will be on illegitimate children.

Who are legitimate children?
Children born after one hundred and eighty days following the celebration of the marriage, and before three hundred days following its dissolution or the separation of the spouses shall be presumed to be legitimate. (Art. 255, Civil Code of the Philippines)Children conceived or born during the marriage of the parents are legitimate.

Children conceived as a result of artificial insemination of the wife with the sperm of the husband or that of a donor are likewise legitimate children of the husband and his wife, provided that both of them authorized or ratified such insemination in a written instrument executed and signed by them before the birth of the child. The instrument shall be recorded in the civil registry together with the birth certificate of the child. (Art. 164, Family Code of the Philippines)

Is the child considered legitimate although the mother may have declared against its legitimacy?
The child shall be considered legitimate although the mother may have declared against its legitimacy or may have been sentenced as an adulteress. (Art 167, Family Code of the Philippines)

What are the rights of legitimate children?
Legitimate children shall have the right:

  1. To bear the surnames of the father and the mother,
  2. To receive support from them, from their ascendants, and in a proper case, from their brothers and sisters, in conformity with article 291, and
  3. To the legitimate and other succesional rights which this Code recognize in their favor. (Art. 263, Civil Code of the Philippines)

Does the practice of some Filipino Muslim of using the first name of the father as the family name of the children violate the provisions on the use of surnames?
Legitimate childhave the right to bear the surname of the father and of the mother. (Art. 62(a) of P. D. 1083 Code of Muslim Personal Law of the Philippines)The provisions of the law governing use of surnames were formulated in order to avoid confusion in the use of surnames, and to settle doubts on their proper use (Report of Code Commission, p. 51, cited in Tolentino, Supra, p. 271), we are unable to find any provision in the Muslim Code or the Civil Code which would authorize the use of the name as the family name surname of the children of Muslim parents, the purposes of registration, especially in accomplishing the Certificate of Live Birth (Mun. Form No. 102). Accordingly, unless the law is amended to reflect the alleged tradition or practice, the children should bear the family or surname of their father for registration purposes. (Opinion No. 112, Series of 1985, from the Minister of Justice Estelito P. Mendoza)

http://www.nso.citizenservices.com.ph/faqs

Regards,

MC

Published by MasterCitizen

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27 thoughts on “NSO : Legitimate Children

  1. I need ur help,can i ask paano po ba proseso if ung birth certicate ko po ay still apelyedo parin ng mother ko nun dalaga plang siya ! Eh ung po nakaregister sa nso ! How can i change my surname to my father surname! And what are da procedure pra mapadali po maging okay nso ko po! Salamat po need ur advice

    1. Dalawang process ang puedeng gawin para sa case mo. Pag kasal na ang magulang mo now ang dapat gawin ay legitimation due to subsequent marriage. Pag hindi pa sila kasal acknowledgement of paternity naman ang process. Lahat ito ay gagawin sa munisipyo kung saan ka naka register. After ng process na dadaanan ng document mo tanungin mo ang munsipyo kung kelan ka puedeng mag follow up sa NSO.

  2. hello po, tama po ba na ang gagamitin ng bata na pangalan ay yun mismong nsa may part ng name,m.name at surname khit na po may remarks sa gilid ng NSO birth certificate nya na “the child will be known as… due to…”. Sabi daw po kc ng Deped a hindi n daw po ung remarks sa gilid ang sinusunod ngayon? salamat po!

    1. kaya nga may remarks yan, ibig sabihin pinaayos ang record. Yung remarks sa gilid annotation yun ng correct info. Yun dapat ang gagamitin kaya kamo may annotation ang NSO certificate ng bata.

      Mali ang DepEd na yan. Pwed emo ireklamo yan sa CCB tawag ka sa 09088816565

  3. hi master, tanong ko lng po master ang lcr namin nag endorce na sa nso manila para sa ligitimation ko piro ipa cancel daw kasi they find out na my prevoius married pala father ko but my parent is married too, at mag kano po pala pa cancelled ng ligitimation kasi sabi ng LCR namin e court daw at 15 thousand para sa canceletion para maka file ng AFIDAVITE TO USE THE SURENAME OF THE FATHER bakit ang laki naman yan ba talaga ang bayarin cancel lng ng ligitimation ko, at if ever po ba na IF ever hindi na ako gagamit ng apilyedo ng father ko sundin ko nlng yng birth ko apilyedo ng mother ko ok lng ba yun master,salamat po ng maraming marami……..hope to hear from you soon

    1. ano ba ginagamit mo na surname ngayon? sa mother mo?
      bakit kailangan i cancel? eh effectively automatic cancelled yun. nagbayad ka na for legitimation process di ba?
      disregarded na dapat yan.

  4. Master may question po ako about sa Birth

    Certificate ng baby ko. Illegitimate child po since

    wala pong daddy. Noong nag filled-up po kasi ako ng

    BC nya, nilagay ko din yung middle name ko. Hindi

    po ako aware sa law ng middle name for illegitimate

    child. Saan ko po pwede ipa-remove yung middle

    name nya at kung magkano at gaano katagal ang

    aabutin. At kung anu-ano po ang mga kelangang

    papeles. Hindi po ba automatic na binubura ng NSO

    yung middle name since N/A yung nakalagay sa

    father?

    1. same. Pumunta ka sa munisipyo sa local civil registrar. mag file ka ng correction of entry. Baka pumayag ang munisipyo na hindi na kailanganin ng legal process or court hearing. SIla ang magsasabi ano ang kailangan at magkano ang babayaran.

  5. itatanong ko lang po pinanganak kc ung anak nmin ng di pa kmi kasal pero surname na ng father nya ang gamit nya sa lahat ng papers nya. ngayon kasal na kami kailangan pa ba namin mgfile ng legitimation?

    1. You can inquire with LCR pero since ginagamit na nya ang surname ng father, wala na naman babaguhin sa record ng bata eh.
      Ang update kasi sa record ng bata eh yung date of marriage ng bata. Yun ang babaguhin malamang for process ng legitimation.

  6. gusto ko lng po malaman pano po yung sa anak ko ndi pa po kasi kami kasal nung lumabas ang baby ko…nakalagay sa birthcertf nia na eligitimate..last year lng po kmi kinasal..ano po ba process nun para maging legitimate ang baby ko..ano po requirments at magkno kaya mauubos ko?pls help me tnx

  7. 1999 ipinanganak ung panganay ko kya ung apelyido ng misis ko ung nkarehistro yr 2000 kmi ikinasal at nagpagawa kmi sa atty ng late registration na isinumite nmin sa registrar ng munisipyo nmin ko na po ung nkukuha sa munispyo nmin na birth certificate ng anak ko at apelyido ko na po nkalagay sa bc ng anak ko pero po pagdating sa nso apelyido pa nman ng misis ko nkalagay don sa nakukuhang authenticated birth certificate sa NSO nalaman lng po nmin na di pa nbago kasi nitong 2011 lng kmi kukmuha ng bc sa NSO. nag apply na din ng cenomar ung misis ko kc po ung ung advice ng registrar ng munisipyo nmin kya un din sinunod ng misis ko at kumuha cya ng cenomar sa NSO la Union,ung cenomar na kinuha ng misis ko sa NSO isinumite sa munisipyo at payo sa misi ko na after 5days follow up nya sa NSO maynila para daw maasikaso at di matabunan kya lng po di nkapunta misis ko sa maynila kc po bz cya nun teacher po kc cya at ako nman po andto sa saudi. after 3mos umuwi po ako at nag try kumuha ng bc ng panganay ko sa NSO La union kasi po kylangan nya sa skwela 1yr hs cya nun e ganun parin po apelyido parin ng misis ko nkalagay don kahit nag apply na po misis ko ng cenomar. ano po dapat nmin gawin Sir / Ma’am? para mapalitan na po ung apelyido ng panganay ko sa apelyido ko na po.

  8. hi sana po matulungan nyo po ko with my problem regarding my son’s birth certificate.ngrequest po kami sa nso nung birth certificate nya last april para sa passport po sana only to find out na d pa po pala ayos ung surname nya sa nso pero actually naayos na po namin sa local civil registry sa pasig ung birth certificate nya…from Joshua Jose Esguerra naging Joshua Jose Navarro na name sa birth certificate nya sya po ay legitimated by subsequent marriage feb 26,2003 sya ay acknowledge by his father january 27 2003… ang birthdate nya Jan. 21, 2003. Nasubmit na po namin ung requirement sa nso east ave para sa pagprocess sa legal nung birth certificate pero pabalik balik po kami kc nung una ang sabi malabo daw ung binigay ng munisipyo na copy ng documents… tapos naman po cenomar naman…and then ngayon may feedback na naman daw po at may kailangan na namang hingin sa munispyo ng pasig na papers…sana po matulungan nyo po kami…kc althrough out i thought nasubmit na ng local civil registry for processing ung pag ayos ng birth certificate ng anak ko…9 years na ang nakalipas and yet kailangan pala kami pa mghirap sa pag ayos ng papers ng anak ko…need your help badly…thanks

    1. Jhoanne, nung inayos ninyo sa munsipyo yung legitimation due to subsequent marriage, may dokumento ba kayong nahawakan na ito ay naproseso? dapat ay meron kayo nito at pwede ninyo pa-endorse sa LCR ng munisipyo ang corrected/updated copy na yan. After 2-3 months, dadalhin mo ang resibo ng endorsement (courier yan) at ang mga dokumento pertaining to this legitimation and request a copy sa CDLI section ng NSO East. Kailangan mo ang mga dokumento as proof na napagawa mo ito para makakuha ka ng corrected copy sa NSO.

      Kung malabo daw ang kopya na hawak ng NSO, itanong mo kung pwede makita. Kung hindi naman, mag request ka sa LCR na i-endorse ulit ito at bayaran mo ang endorsement courier nila doon sa munisipyo. Pero tignan mo muna ang kopya na ginawa nila kung malinaw nga ito. Dapat katulad ito ng kopya na meron ka galing sa LCR (corrected copy).

      1. opo may copy na po ako nung birth certificate na naayos na po ung surname nya ung green na birth certificate po ang tinutukoy ko na may legitamation notation sa right side and may acknowledment notation din po sa upper side nung birth certificate. ngpasa na din po kami nung endorsement from LCR to NSO pero may feedback na naman po na may nirerequest na naman pong form from LCR.

  9. Thank you so much i feel better now when i read your reply. I can decide what should i do now and weigh everything what’s the pros and cons so that i have an options,

    Is the baptismal is important Master? because my baptismal, i used also my father’s last name there and i say it about my birthplace because my original record and my baptismal are not the same information on my birthplace, on my baptismal is i used my father’s last name and the original record i used my mother’s last name and the birthplace their is not really the same with my original record. what should i do about my baptismal? because i go there to the church and asked them to change my baptismal but the girl who is in charge their she told me that she can’t change it? i have problem with my baptismal i hope it’s not really important…and what should i do to change my baptismal ? where i go to ask help for it?

    thank you
    Rose

    1. Baptismal certs are supporting documents. If the conflict will only prove to make your registration difficult, then don’t use the baptismal as a reference.

      1. Hello master,

        tumawag po ako sa dfa cebu and i asked them if i can update my passport using my mothers lastname and he told me that they won’t give me because mag double passporting daw po ako pag ginawa ko yon dapat daw ma cancel ang isa . At sabi nya na bigyan daw nila ako na yong cancelled already note after processing if ma cancel ang isa ng nso ko. Can you advise me what’s the best way for filing a cancellation of my nso to make my processing easy ? what’s easy to cancel the first one or the second one? and are they the same process and how long it will take and does it need a lawyer of filing a cancellation of nso? and how much money needed for cancellation>?
        i need your help again

        Thanks alot
        rose

      2. The easier copy to cancel is the second registration. You go to the LCR and file for cancellation of this record. Show the first record para may reference sila when they cancel it. Cancellation should not be that expensive and tedious pero it would take a while before the record is filed with the NSO. You just need a copy of the cancellation from the LCR to give to DFA.

  10. Hello Master,

    I am Roselyn, I am now living here in cebu. I would like to ask about my Birth cErtificate . My mother and my father registered me last 2002 and that time they are not yet married so on my Birth Certificate it appears that i used my mother’s last name and it’s not my father’s last name and on the second page of my Birth Certificate there is an affidavit of acknowledgement and my Father signed there,that he acknowledge me that i am his daughter. But after years from the day they registered me where i used my mothers last name they got married, and last 2010 they registered me again so that i can used my father’s last name. after months from the day they registered me last 2010 I request a birth certificate here in NSO so i got my birth certificate using my father’s last name and apply for a passport using my fathers last name and apply it for my sss,philhealth,pag-ibig and even in school and ID’s. And now this MAY 2012 i request again but they released me the first registration where i used my mother’s name not the second registration which i used for my passport and other ID’s and school. Please help me i need answer and advice: What’s the best thing i will do ? if i will file a legitimation is my father’s berth certificate affect because instead of his last name on his birth certificate is RELASA IT BECOMES RELAZA but in their marriage contract it’s RELASA and it’s correct. And if i will file a legitimation together with their marriage contract does my father’s certificate is the bases or their marriage contract coz they are not the same. So i need your help what’s the best thing i need to do, what’s better for me to used, do i just follow the first registration using my mother’s last name? or IF i used my mother’s last name can i change my info on my sss,pag-ibig,philhealth or passport if i will follow my mother’s last name?

    what are the requirements needed to change my information on sss,pag-ibig, and school ID’s and my passport using my mother’s last name..please help wha’t best for me or easy for me to used….

    thank you and hoping to your reply..

    thank you and god bless

    Rose

    1. The best way for you to do right now is yo update your original record. Go to the local civil registrar where you were registered and apply for legitimation due to subsequent marriage. This means that your parents are now married and you are now updating your surname to follow your father’s. A marriage certificate would probably be enough for the LCR to use as basis of your request and should update your original record and eventually forward a copy to NSO so that when you make a request, the record is updated na 🙂

      1. Thank you So much for the answer …!!
        And it will really help me a lot and i just want to add my birthplace, on my original record my birthplace is different from the second registration and i used my birthplace of my second registration not the original record it’s because my real birthplace is on the second registration… and is it need a court order or i can file it also to the registrar? is it the same process of filing a legitimation or it’s more complicated..
        and I can’t really sleep thinking of this problem it’s because i am confused what should i used and or is it okay if i will just used my mother’s name just follow the original record and i will just change all my Id’s, my passport ? my middle name also is error coz it’s lucking one letter on the original record and my birthplace also is different. i live here in cebu and if i file it’s quite far for me to go there in Negros to file the legitimation…

        And if i used my mothers last name do i need to cancel my second registration.?
        if i will change my birthplace does it really costs a lot? and how long it will take to process the legitimation together with changing my birthplace and my middle name if ever i will file a legitimation?

        Thank you
        Rose

      2. If you opt to follow your original record, it would be more cost effective for you. You just need to update all your IDs and records and show your NSO copy as proof thta it is your REAl record.

        The second registration will automatically be cancelled by NSO or be considered null because of the presence of the first registration.

        If your first registration has one letter wrong, then file for correction of entry. 1K per letter ang fee sa ganyan.
        If you want to change your birth place, is it really needed? Maybe you can opt to use the original birth place listed on your first registration.

        Consider your options and weigh the pros and cons.

  11. AHMFP’PANU PO BA MAGPALATE REGISTRATIONS SA NSO KC PO MAY LIMANG KAPATID PO AKO NA WALANG BIRTH CERTIFECATE HINDI NASEKASO NG MOTHER KO KEYA AKO NALANG PO UNG MAGPALATE REGISTRATIONS

    1. Una, mag request sa NSO ng kopya ng birth certificate ng bawat kapatid mo. Kung wala takagang record, makakakuha ka ng negative certificate. Ito at lahat ng dokumento gn kapatid mo ang dadalhin sa local civil registrar ng munisipyo para mag apply ng late registration.

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