Applying for your child’s first passport is one of the most important things you need to accomplish after securing the certification of his birth certificate and before he begins with school. The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) prioritizes passport applications for children aged 7 years old and below. Parents no longer need to secure an appointment in order to be accommodated; they will be attended to as long as they have the complete set of documents needed for passport application. We released a blog on the list of requirements and processes involved when applying for a minor’s passport.
But what if the minor applicant is an illegitimate child? Is there a different set of documentary requirements that the parent or parents need to prepare? In the absence of the mother, can the father apply for the child’s passport? What if the child’s mother is a minor as well, will the DFA honor her application for her child’s passport?
We ran a research on this specific subject on passport applications and would like to share what we gathered from the DFA website and other related sources.
General requirements for illegitimate minor applicants:
- Personal appearance of the minor applicant.
- Personal appearance of child’s mother and her valid IDs or valid passport. If the child’s mother resides abroad, the applicant’s guardian must present the following:
- Affidavit of Support and Consent.
- Special Power of Attorney authenticated by the Philippine Embassy in the country where the mother resides.
- If the mother is in the Philippines, she must appear before the DFA office in order for the passport application to be processed. The above supporting documents are applicable only if the child’s guardians can show proof that the mother is residing abroad.
- If the child’s mother is likewise a minor:
- Personal appearance of child’s mother (who is a minor) and the child’s maternal grandparent/s.
- PSA Birth Certificate of minor applicant and mother (who is a minor).
- Affidavit of Support and Consent executed by the maternal grandparent/s indicating the name of the traveling companion.
- DSWD clearance if the minor child will be traveling with the person other than the maternal grandparents.
- Proof of identity of mother and maternal grandparent/s.
- Original birth certificate of minor in Security Paper issued by the PSA or Certified True Copy of Birth Certificate issued by the Local Civil Registrar and duly authenticated by the PSA.
- Transcribed Birth Certificate from the LCR is required when entries in the PSA Birth Certificate are blurry or unreadable.
- Report of birth duly authenticated by PSA is required if minor was born abroad.
- Document of identity with photo, if the minor is 8-17 years old (for first time and renewal applicant) such as School ID or Form 137 with readable dry seal.
- For minor applicants who never attended school, a Notarized Affidavit of Explanation executed by the mother detailing the reasons why the child is not in school.
- Original and photocopy of valid passport of the person traveling with the minor.
Clearly, the only instance when the DFA would entertain passport applications for illegitimate minors filed by a person other than his mother is if the mother is not in the Philippines. Otherwise, only the child’s mother may transact with the DFA in order to obtain a passport for the illegitimate child.
If the child’s mother is also a minor or is physically or mentally impaired, the child’s maternal grandparents are next in line as authorized individuals to apply for the minor child’s passport.