Can a Child’s Legitimation (Due to Subsequent Marriage) be Cancelled?

06 - 05 (2)

Minerva was already 23 years old when she learned that her father is married with children before she was born.  She learned about it the hard way – when she landed her first job, her supervisor turned out to be her father’s eldest son from his previous marriage, making him her half-brother.

She did her research and found out that her father’s marriage with his previous wife is still in effect; he had not filed for an annulment and in fact, has been sending financial support for his children while staying with Minerva and her mom!

What proved to be more difficult and confusing for Minerva is the fact that her status in her birth certificate is ‘Legitimated’ (due to subsequent marriage).  As far as she knows, she was born before her father (who was presumed to be single then) and mother were ‘married’.  They got married when Minerva was 7 years old, she even stood as flower girl during their wedding!

Now that it looks like her father is not even legally capable of ‘marrying’ her mother in the first place, what does that make of her ‘legitimation’?

What is ‘Legitimation’?

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) website, legitimation is a remedy by means of which those who in fact were not born in wedlock and should, therefore, be considered illegitimate, are by fiction, considered legitimate, it being supposed that they were born when their parents were already validly married.

Who can be ‘Legitimated’?

Legitimation may be done for children who were conceived before their biological parents were married, provided that their parents were not disqualified by any impediments to marry each other.

For a child to be considered legitimated by subsequent marriage, it is necessary that:

  • The parents could have legally contracted marriage at the time the child was conceived;
  • That the child has been acknowledged by the parents before or after the celebration of their marriage; and
  • The acknowledgment was made with the consent of the child, if age or with the approval of the court, if a minor, unless it has been made in the certificate before a court of record, or in any authentic writing.

In all aspects, Minerva’s legitimation would have been legal and binding except for the fact that her father is married to another woman at the time he ‘married’ Minerva’s mother.  Effectively, this invalidates Minerva’s legitimation because the marriage between her parents is invalid.  In fact, she is not even qualified for legitimation.

Can a legitimation be cancelled?

Yes it can be cancelled by filing a petition for cancellation before the court where the petitioner’s birth certificate was registered.  The petitioner will need the assistance and guidance of a lawyer.  When approved, the civil registrar shall again annotate in the birth certificate that the ‘legitimation’ (also a previous annotation) is hereby cancelled.

Source: www.psa.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

Published by MasterCitizen

I collect citizen facts and the usual stuff that might be important for a Pinoy's everyday life....Subscribe to get updates, opinions, and news.

23 thoughts on “Can a Child’s Legitimation (Due to Subsequent Marriage) be Cancelled?

  1. SIR paki help naman po ako kasi yung birth ko poh yung naka lagay apelyedo nang mama ko poh kasi year 1990 hindi daw pwede gamitin apelyedio nang tatay mo kapag hindi kasal ang parents mo.. kasi po mama ko married sa una niyang asawa. nung elementary ako apelyedo nang papa ko gamit ko nong nag high school nako sa mama kuna po..gudto ko poh sana na apelyedo nang papa ko gamitin ko. kaso patay na po mama at papa ko.

    1. Hi Lovelyn,

      Kung may mga dokumento ka na inacknowledge ka ng papa mo, tulad ng mga school records mo nung elementary ka (kung kailan gamit mo ang apelido nya) na may pirma niya. Pwede mo iton ggamitin bilang supporting documents sa claim mo na magamit ang apelido nya.

      MC

  2. Hello po master ask k lng po Sana if pano p kya pwde Kong gwin kse nsa Saudi po ako at di bsta makauwi ng pinas sbi po kse ng sister k n ngaasikso ng papers ko for changing my surname po kse bli gnawa po ng sister ko sya po ngasikaso ng mga papers ko while andto po ako s Saudi kse since Bata p po ako apelido n po ng daddy ko gingmit ko eh ang nklgy po pla s b.c ko is apelido ng mother ko…before po kse kasal po mother ko s iba but then nghwalay n po sila ng aswa Nya and he met my father po ngpksal po sila after ko pinanganak ngfile po sister ko for adoptation of my father pra Maplitan k n po apelido k s b.c ko kse nklagy yung apelido ng mother ko lately k n lng po nlman n di po pla name ng father ko ko gmit ko ask k lng po Meron po b praan n maayos k po b.c ko without my appearance s court kse d po ako makauwi ng Basta basta pls I need your help and advice thanks.

  3. Hi po MC, ask ko lng po sana if pwede po ba magchange ng surname ang live-in partner ko, kc ung dala nya po na surname ngaun is not from his biological father, pero kasal na po ung mother nya tsaka ung d nya biological father nung time na pinanganak xa. Pwede po ba na magchange xa ng surname, from gamit na surname nya ngaun to surname ng nanay nya nung dalaga pa ito???? Kc if ever po na pwede mahaba habang proseso po ba ito, kc my mga anak na din po kc kmi na 2. Thanks po.

  4. good pm po, itatanong ko lng po sana regarding sa birth cert ko na wrong spelling ung firstname ko pagkuha ko ng NSO as of now pro ung dati nman is ok ang spelling MARIBEL single L lng pero ngaun ang ngyari ang nalabas na s NSO ko is Double na ang L??how come n ngyari ang ganon at s lhat ng i.d’s ko ay single L” lng naman ang gamit ko ????

    1. Hi Maribel,

      Pwede kang mag request ng kopya mula sa LCR o munisipyo ng birth place mo. Kung mabibigyan ka nila ng kopya ng birth certificate mo na tama ang spelling ng first name mo, i-request mo na ma-endorse yan sa PSA (dating NSO). Para magkaroon ng kopya ang PSA ng bc mo na may tamang spelling ng name mo. Since sabi mo nga, dati ka nang nakakakuha ng kopya ng bc mo na tama ang spelling.

      MC

  5. hi po..master..ask ko lang po ung sa (NSO) ko po..my name is michael palacios..mula po nung bata ako ay yan na po ginagamit ko,ngaun po ngayon nasa legal age na ako may asawa kasal po,, ang nasa birth cetificate ko po michael palacios..ngayon pong kukuha na ako ng NSO ng birth cetificate ko po, ay ibang name ang lumabas..REDFORD TIK-ING po ang lumabas so..lahat po ng requirments ko SSS,PAG-IBIG,PHIL HEALTH,TIN..ay michael palacios po ang nakalagay..anu po kaya ang dapat kung gawin,need ko po kasi kumuha ng passport

    1. Hi Michael,

      Kasal ba ang parents mo nung ipinanganak ka? Baka kasi pina register ka na noon at ipinagamit na apelido mo ay ang apelido ng mother mo sa pagka dalaga (Tik-Ing ba ang middle name mo)? Tapos nung kinasal na sila, pina register ka ulit at pinalitan na ng Michael ang first name mo at pinagamit na sa iyo ang last name ng father mo (Palacios ba ang last name ng father mo?).

      Kung ganun ang kaso, na-double registration ka sa PSA. Kung ang u nang ipina-register mo na pangalan ay Redford Tik-Ing, ito ang dapat na gamitin mong pangalan sa lahat ng mga ID mo.

      Sa pag apply ng passport, ang susundin ng DFA ay kung ano ang nakasulat sa PSA birth certificate mo (PSA ay ang dating NSO). Ngayon, since hindi magtutugma ang pangalan mo sa birth certificate at sa mga ID mo, kailangan mong ipa-update ang mga ID mo, gamit ang pangalan mo sa birth certificate. Mas madali yun kesa ipa-correct mo ang pangalan mo sa birth certificate. Dahil sa kaso mo, since completely different ang name mo sa birth certificate, baka kailanganin ng court order.

      You may consult with a lawyer too para sa mas comprehensive na solution.

      MC

  6. Hai po…. Ask LNG po…. Ngfile po cu ng legitimation sa city hall po ng iriga cam, sur …may pinapapasa po skn papunta po jn sa main office ng nso po…para blis po ang proseso….anu po ang kailangan na requirements po para maipasa cu itong confirmation na galing po sa city hall po… At gaano po katagal bago po ma release Ang nso cu po.?

    1. Hi Princess,

      Yung confirmation na galing sa city hall ng Iriga lang ang kailangan mong ipasa sa NSO dito sa Manila (Sta. Mesa). Itanong mo sa NSO kung gaano katagal bago ma-release ang papers mo.

      MC

  7. hi po master ano po ba ang dapat kung gawin nito may papasukasn po kasi ako na trabaho kaya lng my problem po ako sa NSO BIRTHCERTIFICATE ko.. mula po kasi nag aral ako apelyido ng tatay ko ang nagamit ko.. eh ang naka lagay po dun sa NSO ko ay ang apelyido at gitna ng nanay ko.paano po ba yu master plsss help po.

  8. Hi master I hope matulungan Nyo po ako regarding in my case Ganito po kasi yun my mom got married in a very age I think she was 18 but I’m not yet sure if her age Kung kelan sya Kinsal after few years may nkilala sya and they get married again but my problem is I’m using the surname of father yung aswa ngyon ng mom ko my problem is Hindi po matched ung s NSO ko at ung gingmit k n name kc nklagay po dun is apelido ng mom ko s pgkadlaga pano?po b ggawin k I want to change my last name s nkalakihang Tatay ko po ngayon kse later k n lng po nlaman young situation ko did po kse nktake ng exam ko Dahl need po nila ng birth cert ko d po kc match ung gingmit k n name s totoong birth certificate ko I hope mtulungan nyo po ako slamat po.

    1. Hi Sheryl,

      Bakit apelido ng mother mo ang nakalagay sa birth certificate mo? Nag acknowledge ba ang biological father mo sa birth certificate mo?

      Kung ipinanganak ka ng mother mo sa pagkadalaga, okay lang na apelido niya ang nakasulat sa bc mo.

      Hindi mo din mapapalitan ang apelido mo sa bc mo para isunod sa apelido ng stepfather mo. Kailangan ampunin ka niya para magamit mo ang last name niya.

      Kung para sa pag take lang ng exam mo kailangan ang pagpapa ayos ng BC, pwede kang mag execute ng affidavit of 2 disinterested persons to prove na ang tao sa birth certificate mo at ang tao sa mga IDs mo ay iisa. Pwede kang mag inquire sa law office tungkol dito.

      MC

      1. Hi mc mga ilang months po kya aabutin Kung aampunin po ako ng step father ko par maisunod ko po apelido ko s apelido nya at pra maayos k n dn po BC ko at ano”? Po dpt kong Gawin at sino? Po kya pwede kong lapitan regarding s problem ko need ko po kc Tlgang ayusin BC ko I hope mtulungan NYo po ako pwede po b Kung ang mama ko ang magaayos becaus I’m currently working abroad Sana po mtulungan nyo ako

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: