They say the greatest gift your father can give you is his name. However for women, their father’s names get replaced with their husband’s when they marry. They embrace the heritage that comes with their new last name and become associated with the husbands’ family tree.
Do women have the option to keep their father’s names after they get married?
The answer is yes. In reality, marriage only requires a woman to change her civil status, not her name.
You can find the answer in Article 370 of the Civil Code, where a married woman’s options regarding using her husband’s last name are enumerated:
A married woman may use:
- Her maiden first name and surname and add her husband’s surname, or
- Her maiden first name and her husband’s surname or
- Her husband’s full name, but prefixing a word indicating that she is his wife, such as “Mrs.”
The law does not mandate women to change their last name to their husband’s after getting married. She just has to be consistent with the choice she makes, whether to keep her maiden name, her husband’s last name, or as a Mrs. Husband’s First and Last Name.
Updating your civil status is a different matter and is something you have to accomplish a few weeks or months after your wedding. Most women prefer to wait until they have a copy of their marriage certificate, which is released by the PSA (formerly NSO) three to six months after the wedding. Nonetheless, it is an errand that every newly married lady must accomplish.
The government IDs and forms that you need to update with your married civil status are:
- BIR Records
- Secure a BIR Form 2305 – If there’s one document that you need to update, it is your tax documents because then, you get to enjoy certain incentives that are available only to married citizens.
- Social Security System
- Go to the SSS website and download a copy of the Member’s Data Change Request.
- Fill out the downloaded document and submit this personally at any SSS office.
- You may also update your list of beneficiaries.
- Click on Update Registration Information using the Pag-IBIG Membership ID Number (MID Number).
Passports, Voter’s IDs, and Postal IDs may be updated at a later time as these do not require you to declare your civil status. Just be consistent with the name that you use in all of your IDs to avoid confusion and ineligibility in your future claims from these government agencies.
Again remember, changing your name after getting married is an option, not a requirement. Only your civil status has to be updated.
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