I often receive inquiries on how to repair birth certificate errors that are committed by either the parent who filled out the child’s birth documents, or the medical staff at the hospital where the child was born, or relatives who took on the responsibility of registering the child’s birth. Some of the errors are reparable, while some need to undergo court proceedings and the assistance of a lawyer. Either way, an error in a child’s birth certificate is a hassle that could have been prevented if the people involved in the child’s registration paid more attention to the details.
To help parents avoid these costly mistakes, I researched online and found some helpful insights from moms at smartparenting.com.ph on how to avoid committing errors on a child’s birth certificate. They also shared unique situations when the errors are most likely to occur, like when the mom is not married to the child’s father and is not sure whether the child could use the father’s last name or not.
So I am sharing with you this helpful article I found online; I summarized it a bit to make it more readable for us.
- If the parents are not married and they want for the child to carry the father’s last name:
Per RA No. 9255, these are the documents that the parents need to submit upon registration of the child’s birth:
- Affidavit of Admission of Paternity – signed by the father.
- Private Handwritten Instrument
- Handwritten by the father
- Duly signed the father
- He must expressly recognize the paternity of the child during his lifetime.
- Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father
- Filled out and signed by the father
- You may ask the hospital to provide you with a blank form of this affidavit.
The child will now be able to carry his or her father’s last name, by virtue of the affidavit that is permanently attached to his or her birth certificate.
- For married parents- bring a certified true copy of the following upon child’s birth registration:
- PSA Marriage Contract
- Photocopies of valid IDs
- File your child’s Certificate of Live Birth within 30 days from the time of birth.
If you fail to file your child’s birth within this prescribed period, his birth will be considered “Late Registered” and you will be required to present additional documents.
- Tell your OB and other medical staff who will be attending to your delivery what last name your child will be using.
- Medical staff will tag your baby as “Baby Roque” or “Baby Mejia”. Make sure they know whose last name the baby will be using (yours or the father’s if you are not married).
- Decide on your baby’s name beforehand.
- Write down your baby’s name and make sure the spelling is correct.
- Inform your doctor and the medical staff of the name you wish to give your child. Give them the correct spelling.
- Do not fill out forms when you are too tired from the delivery or still sleepy from anesthesia.
This is when mistakes usually happen. Instead, have your partner or husband accomplish the forms, or your parents if they are around. Just the same, make sure you have all important information listed down already before going into labor to avoid typo errors and oversights.